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Multidisciplinary integrated care in atrial fibrillation (MICAF): a systematic review and meta-analysis

Khan, Adnan, Cereda, Alberto, Walther, Claudia and Aslam, Aqsa (2022) Multidisciplinary integrated care in atrial fibrillation (MICAF): a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Medicine & Research, 20 (4). pp. 219-230. ISSN 1554-6179

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Identification Number: 10.3121/cmr.2022.1702

Abstract

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of multidisciplinary integrated care in the clinical outcomes of atrial fibrillation patients.Methods: Medline, EMBASE, and the CENTRAL trials registry of the Cochrane Collaboration were searched for articles on multidisciplinary integrated care in atrial fibrillation patients. The systematic review and meta-analysis included six and five articles, respectively, that compared the outcomes between the integrated care group and control group.Results: Multidisciplinary integrated care was concomitant with a decrease in all-cause mortality (OR 0.52, 95%CI 0.36-0.74, P=0.0003) and cardiovascular hospitalization (OR 0.66, 95%CI 0.49-0.89, P=0.007). Multidisciplinary integrated care had no significant impact on major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) (OR 0.76, 95%CI 0.37-1.53, P=0.44), cardiovascular deaths (OR 0.49, 95% CI 0.21-1.17, P=0.11), atrial fibrillation (AF)-related hospitalization (OR 0.76, 95%CI 0.53-1.09, P=0.14), major bleeding (OR 1.02, 95%CI 0.59-1.75, P=0.94), minor bleeding (OR 1.12, 95%CI 0.55-2.26, P=0.76), and cerebrovascular events (OR 0.72, 95%CI 0.45-1.18, P=0.19).Conclusion: In comparison to usual care, a multidisciplinary integrated care approach (i.e., nurse-led care along with usual specialist care) in AF patients is associated with reduced all-cause mortality and cardiovascular hospitalization.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2022 Marshfield Clinic Health System.
Divisions: School of Public Policy
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Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2023 00:26
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2024 22:57
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/117921

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