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Gravity and heterogeneous trade cost elasticities

Chen, Natalie and Novy, Dennis (2022) Gravity and heterogeneous trade cost elasticities. Economic Journal, 132 (644). 1349 - 1377. ISSN 0013-0133

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Identification Number: 10.1093/ej/ueab067


How do trade costs affect international trade? This paper offers a new approach. We rely on a flexible gravity equation that predicts variable trade cost elasticities, both across and within country pairs. We apply this framework to popular trade cost variables such as currency unions, trade agreements and World Trade Organization membership. While we estimate that these variables are associated with increased bilateral trade on average, we find substantial heterogeneity. Consistent with the predictions of our framework, trade cost effects are strong for 'thin' bilateral relationships characterised by small import shares, and weak or even zero for 'thick' relationships.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2021 The Authors
Divisions: Centre for Economic Performance
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
JEL classification: F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F14 - Country and Industry Studies of Trade
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F15 - Economic Integration
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F33 - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2022 12:33
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2024 23:29

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