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Protecting the stars of tomorrow: do international cardiovascular preparticipation screening policies account for the paediatric athlete? A systematic review and quality appraisal

Riding, Nathan R., Dorobantu, Dan Mihai, Williams, Craig A., Stuart, Graham, Fritsch, Peter, Wilson, Mathew G., Mossialos, Elias ORCID: 0000-0001-8664-9297 and Pieles, Guido (2023) Protecting the stars of tomorrow: do international cardiovascular preparticipation screening policies account for the paediatric athlete? A systematic review and quality appraisal. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 57 (6). 371 - 380. ISSN 0306-3674

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Identification Number: 10.1136/bjsports-2022-105659

Abstract

Objective: (1) Identify and review current policies for the cardiovascular screening of athletes to assess their applicability to the paediatric population and (2) evaluate the quality of these policy documents using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation II (AGREE II) tool. Design: Systematic review and quality appraisal of policy documents. Data sources: A systematic search of PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, SportDiscus and CINAHL. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies: An article was included if it was a policy/position statement/guideline/consensus or recommendation paper relating to athletes and cardiovascular preparticipation screening. Results and summary: Of the 1630 articles screened, 13 met the inclusion criteria. Relevance to paediatric athletes was found to be high in 3 (23%), moderate in 6 (46%) and low in 4 (31%), and only 2 provide tailored guidance for the athlete aged 12-18 years. A median 5 related citations per policy investigated solely paediatric athletes, with study designs most commonly being retrospective (72%). AGREEII overall quality scores ranged from 25% to 92%, with a median of 75%. The lowest scoring domains were rigour of development; (median 32%) stakeholder involvement (median 47%) and Applicability (median 52%). Conclusion: Cardiac screening policies for athletes predominantly focus on adults, with few providing specific recommendations for paediatric athletes. The overall quality of the policies was moderate, with more recent documents scoring higher. Future research is needed in paediatric athletes to inform and develop cardiac screening guidelines, to improve the cardiac care of youth athletes.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://bjsm.bmj.com/
Additional Information: © 2022 The Authors
Divisions: Health Policy
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2022 10:48
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2024 21:09
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/117530

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