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Patient-reported disruptions to cancer care during the COVID-19 pandemic: a national cross-sectional study

Lang, Jacob J., Narendrula, Aparna, Iyer, Sharanya, Zanotti, Kristine, Sindhwani, Puneet, Mossialos, Elias ORCID: 0000-0001-8664-9297 and Ekwenna, Obi (2023) Patient-reported disruptions to cancer care during the COVID-19 pandemic: a national cross-sectional study. Cancer Medicine, 12 (4). 4773 - 4785. ISSN 2045-7634

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Identification Number: 10.1002/cam4.5270

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the extent and associations with patient-reported disruptions to cancer treatment and cancer-related care during the COVID-19 pandemic utilizing nationally representative data. Methods: This analysis uses data from the 2020 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), an annual, cross-sectional survey of US adults. Adults (age >18) who reported requiring current cancer treatment or other cancer-related medical care in the second half of 2020 were included. Estimated proportions of patients with self-reported changes, delays, or cancelations to cancer treatment or other cancer care due to the COVID-19 pandemic were calculated using sampling weights and associations with sociodemographic and other health-related variables were analyzed. Results: In total, 574 (sample-weighted estimate of 2,867,326) adults reported requiring cancer treatment and/or other cancer care since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. An estimated 32.1% reported any change, delay, or cancelation. On sample-weighted univariable analysis, patients who were younger, female, had one or fewer comorbidities, and uninsured were significantly more likely to report disruptions. On sample-weighted, multivariable analysis, patients who were younger and female remained significant predictors. Nearly 90% of patients included in the study reported virtual appointment use. Patients reporting disruptions were also significantly more likely to report feelings of anxiety. Conclusions: An estimated 1/3 of patients experienced disruptions to cancer care due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Patients experiencing disruptions in care were more likely to be female or younger which may reflect risk stratification strategies in the early stages of the pandemic, and also had higher rates of anxiety. The longitudinal impact of these disruptions on outcomes merits further study.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2022 The Author(s).
Divisions: Health Policy
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2022 13:12
Last Modified: 26 May 2024 05:33
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/117150

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