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Oil heritage in Iran and Malaysia: the future energy legacy in the Persian Gulf and the South China Sea

Mehan, Asma and Abdul Razak, Rowena (2022) Oil heritage in Iran and Malaysia: the future energy legacy in the Persian Gulf and the South China Sea. In: Calabrò, Francesco, Della Spina, Lucia and Piñeira Mantiñán, María José, (eds.) Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems: Green and Digital Transition, between Metropolitan and Return to Villages Perspectives. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems. Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH, pp. 2607-2616. ISBN 9783031068249

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Identification Number: 10.1007/978-3-031-06825-6_249


The oil industry has played a major role in the economy of modern Iran and Malaysia, especially as a source of transnational exchange and as a major factor in industrial and urban development. During the previous century, the arrival of oil companies in the Persian Gulf, brought many changes to the physical built environment and accelerated the urbanization process in the port cities. Similarly, the development of the national oil industry had a huge impact on post-independence Malaysia, affecting balance sheets, the environment, and society. Oil significantly changed Malaysia’s position in the global economy and transformed a predominantly agricultural country into a major producer of petroleum and natural gas. Through implementing the analytical, historical and comparative perspectives, this paper focuses on the legacy of oil cities in the Persian Gulf and the South China Sea as the birthplaces of the oil industry in two regions, whose geopolitical importance along with oil’s historical significance has the potential for representing national unity, political memory and collective shared identity. In proposing this grounding, the paper seeks to approach the heritage of oil as a particular form of industrial heritage. This research analyses the future of energy heritage, existing Covid-related challenges, political tensions and examines the various impacts, transitions and capacities associated with the current international relations, post-pandemic urban developments, and the post-oil future to pave the way to these nascent areas of industrial heritage and oil heritage in Iran and Malaysia.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
Divisions: International History
Subjects: J Political Science
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
D History General and Old World > D History (General)
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2022 16:21
Last Modified: 24 May 2024 16:03

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