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Projections of dependency and associated social care expenditure for the older population in England to 2038: effect of varying disability progression

Kingston, Andrew, Wittenberg, Raphael ORCID: 0000-0003-3096-2721, Hu, Bo and Jagger, Carol (2022) Projections of dependency and associated social care expenditure for the older population in England to 2038: effect of varying disability progression. Age and ageing, 51 (7). ISSN 0002-0729

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Identification Number: 10.1093/ageing/afac158

Abstract

Objectives: to assess the effect of recent stalling of life expectancy and various scenarios for disability progression on projections of social care expenditure between 2018 and 2038, and the likelihood of reaching the Ageing Society Grand Challenge mission of five extra healthy, independent years at birth. Design: two linked projections models: the Population Ageing and Care Simulation (PACSim) model and the Care Policy and Evaluation Centre long-term care projections model, updated to include 2018-based population projections. Population: PACSim: about 303,589 individuals aged 35 years and over (a 1% random sample of the England population in 2014) created from three nationally representative longitudinal ageing studies. Main outcome measures: Total social care expenditure (public and private) for older people, and men and women's independent life expectancy at age 65 (IndLE65) under five scenarios of changing disability progression and recovery with and without lower life expectancy. Results: between 2018 and 2038, total care expenditure was projected to increase by 94.1%-1.25% of GDP; men's IndLE65 increasing by 14.7% (range 11.3-16.5%), exceeding the 8% equivalent of the increase in five healthy, independent years at birth, although women's IndLE65 increased by only 4.7% (range 3.2-5.8%). A 10% reduction in disability progression and increase in recovery resulted in the lowest increase in total care expenditure and increases in both men's and women's IndLE65 exceeding 8%. Conclusions: interventions that slow down disability progression, and improve recovery, could significantly reduce social care expenditure and meet government targets for increases in healthy, independent years.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2022 The Author(s).
Divisions: Personal Social Services Research Unit
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2022 13:36
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2022 14:36
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/116380

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