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Recent trends and potential drivers of non-invasive cardiovascular imaging use in the United States of America and England

Petersen, Steffen E., Friebel, Rocco ORCID: 0000-0003-1256-9096, Ferrari, Victor, Han, Yuchi, Aung, Nay, Kenawy, Asmaa, Albert, Timothy S.E. and Naci, Huseyin (2021) Recent trends and potential drivers of non-invasive cardiovascular imaging use in the United States of America and England. Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine, 7. ISSN 2297-055X

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Identification Number: 10.3389/fcvm.2020.617771

Abstract

Background: Non-invasive Cardiovascular imaging (NICI), including cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging provides important information to guide the management of patients with cardiovascular conditions. Current rates of NICI use and potential policy determinants in the United States of America (US) and England remain unexplored. Methods: We compared NICI activity in the US (Medicare fee-for-service, 2011–2015) and England (National Health Service, 2012–2016). We reviewed recommendations related to CMR from Clinical Practice Guidelines, Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC), and Choosing Wisely. We then categorized recommendations according to whether CMR was the only recommended NICI technique (substitutable indications). Reimbursement policies in both settings were systematically collated and reviewed using publicly available information. Results: The 2015 rate of NICI activity in the US was 3.1 times higher than in England (31,055 vs. 9,916 per 100,000 beneficiaries). The proportion of CMR of all NICI was small in both jurisdictions, but nuclear cardiac imaging was more frequent in the US in absolute and relative terms. American and European CPGs were similar, both in terms of number of recommendations and proportions of indications where CMR was not the only recommended NICI technique (substitutable indications). Reimbursement schemes for NICI activity differed for physicians and hospitals between the two settings. Conclusions: Fee-for-service physician compensation in the US for NICI may contribute to higher NICI activity compared to England where physicians are salaried. Reimbursement arrangements for the performance of the test may contribute to the higher proportion of nuclear cardiac imaging out of the total NICI activity. Differences in CPG recommendations appear not to explain the variation in NICI activity between the US and England.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/journals/cardiovascula...
Additional Information: © 2021 The Authors
Divisions: Health Policy
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2022 10:24
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2024 09:18
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/116023

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