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Are attitudes in employees of public employment service in line with the principles of individual placement and support? A questionnaire‐based survey

Brinchmann, Beate, Rinaldi, Miles, Sandtorv, Elisabeth, Moe, Cathrine Fredriksen, McDaid, David ORCID: 0000-0003-0744-2664, Killackey, Eóin and Mykletun, Arnstein (2022) Are attitudes in employees of public employment service in line with the principles of individual placement and support? A questionnaire‐based survey. Social Policy and Administration, 56 (4). 681 - 692. ISSN 0144-5596

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Identification Number: 10.1111/spol.12828

Abstract

A high proportion of people with severe mental illness (SMI) want to work, consider it essential for recovery, yet employment rates are low. Many employees in public employment services (PES) work according to traditional attitudes that people with SMI are unable to work and if they do, risk harm from work-related stress. These attitudes conflict with principles in evidence based vocational models like individual placement and support (IPS) and probably contributes to the low-employment rate. The aim of this study was to investigate attitudes towards the evidence-based principles of IPS among PES employees with and without exposure to IPS. A case vignette describing a person with SMI and statements referring to this vignette was developed and administered to PES employees at two timepoints, 4 years apart. Respondents indicated their attitudes on a six-point Likert scale to statements in accordance to the principles of IPS. Independent two-tailed sample t-tests were used to analyse differences between respondents in municipalities with IPS exposure, compared to municipalities without. Multiple linear regressions with attitudes as a dependent variable was used to test whether attitudes changed over time dependent on exposure to IPS. Attitudes were generally aligned with IPS principles compared to current PES practice. The municipality with IPS exposure had more favourable attitudes (p < 0.01). Changes in attitudes were minimal over time and did not differ between regions (p < 0.287). Attitudes of employees in PES are aligned with the principles of IPS and to a greater extent if exposed to IPS.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/14679515
Additional Information: © 2022 The Authors
Divisions: Personal Social Services Research Unit
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2022 14:09
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2022 07:30
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/115387

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