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The influence of caregiver attitudes and socioeconomic group on formal and informal mental health service use among youth

Paula, Cristiane Silvestre, Ziebold, Carolina, Silva Ribeiro, Wagner ORCID: 0000-0001-6735-3861, Pan, Pedro Mario, Mari, Jair Jesus, Bressan, Rodrigo, Miguel, Euripedes Constantino, Rohde, Luiz Augusto, Salum, Giovanni Abrahão and Evans-Lacko, Sara ORCID: 0000-0003-4691-2630 (2022) The influence of caregiver attitudes and socioeconomic group on formal and informal mental health service use among youth. European Psychiatry, 65 (1). ISSN 1778-3585

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Identification Number: 10.1192/j.eurpsy.2022.24


Background. Young people can receive mental health care from many sources, from formal and informal sectors. Caregiver characteristics/experiences/beliefs may influence whether young people get help and the type of care or support used by their child. We investigate facilitators/ barriers to receiving formal and/or informal care, particularly those related to the caregiver’s profile. Methods. We interviewed 1,400 Brazilian primary caregivers of young people (aged 10–19), participants of a high-risk cohort. Caregivers reported on young people’s formal/informal mental health care utilization, and associated barriers and facilitators to care. Data were also collected on youth mental health and its impact on everyday life; and caregiver characteristics—education, socioeconomics, ethnicity, mental health, and stigma. Logistic regression models were used to examine the relationship between caregiver and young people characteristics with formal/informal care utilization. Results. Persistence and greater impact of youth mental health conditions were associated with a higher likelihood of care, more clearly for formal care. Caregiver characteristics, however, also played a key role in whether young people received any care: lower parental stigma was associated with greater formal service use, and lower socioeconomic class showed higher odds of informal care (mainly from religious leaders). Conclusions. This study highlights the key role of the caregivers as gatekeepers to child treatment access, particularly parental stigma influencing whether young people received any mental health care, even in a low resource setting. These results help to map barriers for treatment access and delivery for young people, aiming to improve intervention efforts and mental health support.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2022 The Authors
Divisions: Personal Social Services Research Unit
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2022 10:00
Last Modified: 30 May 2024 12:18

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