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Measuring contraceptive use in a displacement-affected population using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey: the case of Iraq

Le Voir, Rosanna (2022) Measuring contraceptive use in a displacement-affected population using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey: the case of Iraq. Journal of Migration and Health, 6. ISSN 2666-6235

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jmh.2022.100114


Access to safe, effective, affordable, and acceptable contraceptive methods of choice is a basic right for displaced people. Yet displaced people are typically invisible in national sample surveys on population health, and quantitative evidence on their reproductive health outcomes is limited. This study focuses on the case of Iraq, a country with widespread displacement and where contraceptive use is a government policy priority. Using displacement screening questions in the Iraq 2018 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey questionnaires, I construct two displacement-related indicators based on reason for last move and previous household residence. Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression are used to test associations between modern contraceptive use and displacement, demographic, and socioeconomic factors. Controlling for the variables in the models, factors significantly associated with modern contraceptive use among married women aged 15–49 in Iraq are Federal Iraq region (reference Kurdish Region of Iraq, OR 1.78), upper secondary and primary education (reference pre-primary or no education, OR 1.50 and 1.20, respectively), parity, age, and exposure to television. The association between displacement (reason for last move) and modern contraceptive use significantly depends on a woman's level of education and whether they live in an urban or rural area. Women who previously lived in a camp are almost half as likely to use modern contraception compared to other previous residence types. This paper highlights the methodological potential and substantive value of using national household surveys to analyse reproductive health outcomes through a displacement lens. It also critically examines the limitations of these data and measures, drawing on total survey error and feminist theory.

Item Type: Article
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Additional Information: © 2022 The Author
Divisions: Methodology
Subjects: J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2022 16:09
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2024 02:42

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