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A multicountry perspective on gender differences in time use during COVID-19

Giurge, Laura M., Whillans, Ashley V. and Yemiscigil, Ayse (2021) A multicountry perspective on gender differences in time use during COVID-19. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 118 (12). ISSN 0027-8424

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Identification Number: 10.1073/pnas.2018494118


The COVID-19 pandemic has fundamentally altered how people spend time, with possible consequences for subjective well-being. Using diverse samples from the United States, Canada, Denmark, Brazil, and Spain (n = 31,141), following a preregistered analytic plan, and employing both mega- and meta-analyses, we find consistent gender differences in time spent on necessities. During the pandemic, women—especially mothers—spent more time on tasks such as childcare and household chores. To the extent that women spent more time on chores than men, they reported lower happiness. These data represent one of the most rigorous investigations of gender differences in time use during the forced lockdowns created by the COVID-19 pandemic, and point toward individual differences that should be considered when designing policies now and post–COVID-19.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2021 The Authors
Divisions: Psychological and Behavioural Science
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Date Deposited: 30 May 2022 14:24
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2022 14:54

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