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'I kept my gun': displacement's impact on reshaping social distinction during return

Akoi, Abraham Diing and Pendle, Naomi R. (2021) 'I kept my gun': displacement's impact on reshaping social distinction during return. Journal of Refugee Studies, 33 (4). pp. 791-812. ISSN 0951-6328

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Identification Number: 10.1093/jrs/feaa087


Scholarship prompted by 40 years of mass repatriations has highlighted that repatriations and returns are shaped by social navigation and renegotiation of 'home'. This article argues that the original experience of displacement itself, and the interconnected social rupture or continuity, moderates this negotiation and has consequences for social distinction, class reproduction, and political emplacement as refugees return. Specifically, the article considers the diverse social implications of both refugee camp education and wartime militarization, and the mediation of their social consequences by the specificities of histories of initial displacement. We do this by exploring the first 10 years of socio-political struggles of men born in Southern Sudan in the 1980s who lived in Kakuma Refugee Camp (Kenya) in the 1990s and who returned to Southern Sudan after the 2005 peace agreement. The article contrasts experiences of those who were born in Greater Gogrial and Greater Bor as a way to take account of different histories of displacement.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2021 The Authors
Divisions: ?? FLIA ??
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Date Deposited: 20 May 2022 15:39
Last Modified: 16 May 2024 03:45

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