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Closed doors: predictors of stress, anxiety, depression, and PTSD during the onset of COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil

Crestani Calegaro, Vitor, Francisco Ramos-Lima, Luis, Hoffmann, Mauricio, Zoratto, Gustavo, Kerber, Natália, Coloniese Dala Costa, Fernanda, Daniel Picinin, Vitor, Köchler, Julia, Rodrigues, Leonardo, Maciel, Luisa, Braun, Luiza Elizabete, Leite Girardi, Fernando, Olerich Cecatto, Gabriel, Pompeo Weber, Leopoldo, Fragoso Rodrigues, Bruna, Naimaier Bertolazi, Alessandra, Motta de Oliveira, Juliana, Lorenzi Negretto, Bianca and Feijó de Mello, Andrea (2022) Closed doors: predictors of stress, anxiety, depression, and PTSD during the onset of COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. Journal of Affective Disorders, 310. 441 - 451. ISSN 0165-0327

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jad.2022.05.052


BACKGROUND: The rise in mental health problems in the population directly or indirectly because of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a major concern. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare independent predictors of symptoms of stress, anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Brazilians one month after the implementation of measures of social distancing. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed using a web-based survey. The Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) were the outcomes. Data were gathered regarding demographics, social distancing, economic problems, exposure to the news of the pandemic, psychiatric history, sleep disturbances, traumatic situations, and substance use. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test - Consumption (AUDIT-C) was also administered. The predictors of the symptoms were investigated using hierarchical multiple linear regression. RESULTS: Of a sample of 3587 participants, approximately two-thirds considered that their mental health worsened after the beginning of the social restriction measures. The most important predictors of the symptoms investigated were the intensity of the distress related to the news of the pandemic, younger age, current psychiatric diagnosis, trouble sleeping, emotional abuse or violence, and economic problems. CONCLUSIONS: These results confirmed the hypothesis that the pandemic impacted the mental health of the population and indicated that the level of distress related to the news was the most important predictor of psychological suffering.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2022 Elsevier B.V.
Divisions: Personal Social Services Research Unit
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Date Deposited: 12 May 2022 10:39
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2024 01:06

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