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Hospital mortality and resource implications of hospitalisation with COVID-19 in London, UK: a prospective cohort study

Vlachos, Savvas, Wong, Adrian, Metaxa, Victoria, Canestrini, Sergio, Lopez Soto, Carmen, Periselneris, Jimstan, Lee, Kai, Patrick, Tanya, Stovin, Christopher, Abernethy, Katrina, Albudoor, Budoor, Banerjee, Rishi, Juma, Fatimah, Al-Hashimi, Sara, Bernal, William and Maharaj, Ritesh ORCID: 0000-0003-3667-2426 (2021) Hospital mortality and resource implications of hospitalisation with COVID-19 in London, UK: a prospective cohort study. Critical Care Research and Practice, 2021. ISSN 2090-1305

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Identification Number: 10.1155/2021/8832660

Abstract

Background. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) had a significant impact on the National Health Service in the United Kingdom (UK), with over 35 000 cases reported in London by July 30, 2020. Detailed hospital-level information on patient characteristics, outcomes, and capacity strain is currently scarce but would guide clinical decision-making and inform prioritisation and planning. Methods. We aimed to determine factors associated with hospital mortality and describe hospital and ICU strain by conducting a prospective cohort study at a tertiary academic centre in London, UK. We included adult patients admitted to the hospital with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 and followed them up until hospital discharge or 30 days. Baseline factors that are associated with hospital mortality were identified via semiparametric and parametric survival analyses. Results. Our study included 429 patients: 18% of them were admitted to the ICU, 52% met criteria for ICU outreach team activation, and 61% had treatment limitations placed during their admission. Hospital mortality was 26% and ICU mortality was 34%. Hospital mortality was independently associated with increasing age, male sex, history of chronic kidney disease, increasing baseline C-reactive protein level, and dyspnoea at presentation. COVID-19 resulted in substantial ICU and hospital strain, with up to 9 daily ICU admissions and 41 daily hospital admissions, to a peak census of 80 infected patients admitted in the ICU and 250 in the hospital. Management of such a surge required extensive reorganisation of critical care services with expansion of ICU capacity from 69 to 129 beds, redeployment of staff from other hospital areas, and coordinated hospital-level effort. Conclusions. COVID-19 is associated with a high burden of mortality for patients treated on the ward and the ICU and required substantial reconfiguration of critical care services. This has significant implications for planning and resource utilisation.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ccrp/
Additional Information: © 2021 The Authors
Divisions: Health Policy
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2022 16:00
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2024 00:42
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/114979

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