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Impact of global budget payments on cardiovascular care in Maryland: an interrupted time series analysis

Viganego, Federico, Um, Eun K., Ruffin, Jasmine, Fradley, Michael G., Prida, Xavier and Friebel, Rocco ORCID: 0000-0003-1256-9096 (2021) Impact of global budget payments on cardiovascular care in Maryland: an interrupted time series analysis. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, 14 (3). 313 - 325. ISSN 1941-7713

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Identification Number: 10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.120.007110

Abstract

Background Global budget payments (GBP) are considered effective in containing health care expenditures; however, information on their impact on quality of cardiovascular care is limited. We aimed to evaluate the effects of GBP on utilization, outcomes, and costs for 3 major cardiovascular conditions. Methods We analyzed claims data of hospital admissions in Maryland from fiscal year 2013 to 2018. Using segmented regression, we evaluated temporal trends in hospitalizations, length of stay, percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting volumes, case mix-adjusted 30-day readmission rates, risk-standardized mortality rates, and hospitalization charges in patients with principal diagnosis of heart failure, acute ischemic stroke, and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in relation to GBP implementation. Trends in global cardiovascular procedure charges/volumes were also studied. Results Hospitalization rates for congestive heart failure and AMI remained unaffected by GBP, while the gradient of ischemic stroke admissions decreased (Ptrend <0.0001). Length of stay slightly increased for patients with congestive heart failure (Ptrend=0.03). Inpatient coronary artery bypass grafting surgeries decreased (Ptrend <0.0001). We observed a significant decrease in casemix-adjusted 30-day readmission rate in the AMI cohort beyond the prepolicy trend (Ptrend=0.0069). There were no significant changes in mortality for any of the 3 conditions. Hospitalization charges increased for ischemic stroke (Ptrend <0.0001), remained constant for congestive heart failure (Ptrend=0.1), and decreased for AMI (Ptrend=0.0005). We observed a significant increase in electrocardiography rate charges (Ptrend <0.0001), coincidentally with a reduction in volumes (Ptrend=0.0003). Conclusions Introducing GBP in Maryland had no perceivable adverse effects on inpatient outcomes and quality indicators for 3 major cardiovascular conditions. Savings were observed in the AMI cohort, possibly due to reduced unnecessary readmissions, efficiency improvements, or shifts to outpatient care. Reduced cardiovascular procedure volumes were counterbalanced by a proportional rise in charges. State-level adoption of GBP with pay-for-performance incentives may be effective for cost containment without adversely impacting quality of cardiovascular care.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.ahajournals.org/journal/circoutcomes
Additional Information: © 2021 American Heart Association, Inc.
Divisions: Health Policy
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2022 15:12
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2022 08:51
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/114968

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