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Deliberating inequality: a blueprint for studying the social formation of beliefs about economic inequality

Summers, Kate ORCID: 0000-0001-9964-0259, Accominotti, Fabien, Burchardt, Tania ORCID: 0000-0003-4822-4954, Hecht, Katharina, Mann, Liz and Mijs, Jonathan J.B (2022) Deliberating inequality: a blueprint for studying the social formation of beliefs about economic inequality. Social Justice Research. 1 - 22. ISSN 0885-7466

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Identification Number: 10.1007/s11211-022-00389-0

Abstract

In most contemporary societies, people underestimate the extent of economic inequality, resulting in lower support for taxation and redistribution than might be expressed by better informed citizens. We still know little, however, about how understandings of inequality arise, and therefore about where perceptions and misperceptions of it might come from. This methodological article takes one step toward filling this gap by developing a research design—a blueprint—to study how people’s understandings of wealth and income inequality develop through social interaction. Our approach combines insights from recent scholarship highlighting the socially situated character of inequality beliefs with those of survey experimental work testing how information about inequality changes people’s understandings of it. Specifically, we propose to use deliberative focus groups to approximate the interactional contexts in which individuals process information and form beliefs in social life. Leveraging an experimental methodology, our design then varies the social makeup of deliberative groups, as well as the information about inequality we share with participants, to explore how different types of social environments and information shape people’s understandings of economic inequality. This should let us test, in particular, whether the low socioeconomic diversity of people’s discussion and interaction networks relates to their tendency to underestimate inequality, and whether beliefs about opportunity explain people’s lack of appetite for redistributive policies. In this exploratory article we motivate our methodological apparatus and describe its key features, before reflecting on the findings from a proof-of-concept study conducted in London in the fall of 2019.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.springer.com/journal/11211
Additional Information: © 2022 The Authors
Divisions: Methodology
Social Policy
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2022 10:54
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2022 10:21
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/114591

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