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Multilevel financing of sustainable infrastructure in China— policy options for inclusive, resilient and green growth

Ahmad, Ehtisham (2021) Multilevel financing of sustainable infrastructure in China— policy options for inclusive, resilient and green growth. Journal of Infrastructure, Policy and Development, 5 (1). ISSN 2572-7923

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Identification Number: 10.24294/jipd.v5i1.1251


COVID-19 has amplified existing imbalances, institutional and financing constraints associated with a development strategy that did not take sufficient account of challenges with emissions, environmental damage and health risks associated with climate change in a number of countries, including China. The recovery from the pandemic can be combined with appropriately designed investments that take into account human, social, natural and physical capital, as well as distributional objectives, that can also address commitments under the Paris agreement. An important criterion for sustainable development is that the tax regimes at the national and sub-national levels should reflect the same criteria as the investment strategy. Own-source revenues, are essential to be able to access private financing, including local government bonds and PPPs in a sustainable manner. Governance criteria are also important including information on the buildup of liabilities at all levels of government, to ensure transparent governance. Despite differences in political systems, the Chinese experiences are relevant in a wide range of emerging market countries as the measures utilize institutions and policies reflecting international best practices, including modern tax administrations for the VAT, and income taxes, and benefit-linked property taxes, as well as utilization of balance sheets information consistent with the IMF’s Government Financial Statistics Manual, 2014. The options have significant implications for policy advice and development cooperation for meeting global climate change goals while ensuring sustainable employment generation with transparency and accountability.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2021 The Author
Divisions: Asia Centre
Grantham Research Institute
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2022 11:06
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2024 18:36

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