Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

The hijab penalty: feminist backlash to Muslim immigrants

Choi, Donghyun Danny, Poertner, Mathias ORCID: 0000-0003-4406-6178 and Sambanis, Nicholas (2023) The hijab penalty: feminist backlash to Muslim immigrants. American Journal of Political Science, 67 (2). 291 - 306. ISSN 0092-5853

[img] Text (The Hijab Penalty) - Accepted Version
Download (11MB)

Identification Number: 10.1111/ajps.12627


Why do native Europeans discriminate against Muslim immigrants? Can shared ideas between natives and immigrants reduce discrimination? We hypothesize that natives' bias against Muslim immigrants is shaped by the belief that Muslims hold conservative attitudes about women's rights and this ideational basis for discrimination is more pronounced among native women. We test this hypothesis in a large-scale field experiment conducted in 25 cities across Germany, during which 3,797 unknowing bystanders were exposed to brief social encounters with confederates who revealed their ideas regarding gender roles. We find significant discrimination against Muslim women, but this discrimination is eliminated when Muslim women signal that they hold progressive gender attitudes. Through an implicit association test and a follow-up survey among German adults, we further confirm the centrality of ideational stereotypes in structuring opposition to Muslims. Our findings have important implications for reducing conflict between native–immigrant communities in an era of increased cross-border migration.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2021 Midwest Political Science Association
Divisions: Government
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2022 16:21
Last Modified: 26 May 2024 07:42

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics