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Protest against Covid-19 containment policies in European countries

Neumayer, Eric ORCID: 0000-0003-2719-7563, Pfaff, Katharina Gabriela and Plümper, Thomas (2023) Protest against Covid-19 containment policies in European countries. Journal of Peace Research. ISSN 1460-3578

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Identification Number: 10.1177/00223433221135335


Protests against coronavirus policies have occurred in all European countries. The intensity of protest varies strongly, however. We explain this variation by strategic choices that protest organizers make to maintain the protest movement. Specifically, we argue that protest organizers pay heed to the dynamics of the pandemic in their country: the number of protest events is higher when and where mortality rates are lower and containment policies are more stringent. At the same time, the number of protest events is influenced by political factors. Despite the fact that civil liberties facilitate trust in government, these two variables exert opposite effects: while higher trust in government and public administration reduces the number of protest events, stronger civil liberties increase the number of protest events. We find evidence for these hypotheses in an analysis of the number of monthly protest events based on information from ACLED, the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project, in 28 European countries between March 2020 and August 2021.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2023 The Author(s).
Divisions: Geography & Environment
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2022 17:03
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2024 17:30

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