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Obedience to authority, cognitive and affective responses and leadership style in relation to a non-normative order: the Milgram experiment

da Costa, Silvia, Delfino, Gisela, Murattori, Marcela, Zubieta, Elena, García, Lucía, Páez, Dario, Beramendi, Maite and Sosa, Fernanda (2021) Obedience to authority, cognitive and affective responses and leadership style in relation to a non-normative order: the Milgram experiment. Revista de Psicologia (Peru), 39 (2). 717 - 744. ISSN 0254-9247

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Identification Number: 10.18800/PSICO.202102.008

Abstract

is an experimental between-within study of five scenarios by two conditions (Milgram, 1974). Personal and collective obedience of other military, emotional reactions and values of Schwartz (2012) were measured. Showing enhancement of self-bias it is reported that the pairs would be more likely to shoot than one would. Replicating Milgrams’s results, obedience is greater when the order is given directly by an authority, and lower when there is conflict between authorities and peers rebel. Confirming that identification with humanity and not just with the in-group may prompt respondents to reject an anti-normative order, values of transcendence of the self are associated with less obedience and congruent emotional reactions. Self-perceived transformational leadership was associated with positive emotions towards peer that disobey to fire. However a transformational style perceived in the superior was associated to positive emotions by respect to soldier who open fire, adding information on the potential dark side of this leadership style. The relevance of personal values, leadership style and affectivity in military context is discussed.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://revistas.pucp.edu.pe/index.php/psicologia/...
Additional Information: © 2021 The Authors
Divisions: Psychological and Behavioural Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2022 15:06
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2022 13:15
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/114523

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