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What have European countries done to prevent the spread of COVID-19? Lessons from the COVID-19 Health System Response Monitor

Rajan, Selina, Mckee, Martin, Hernández-Quevedo, Cristina, Karanikolos, Marina, Richardson, Erica, Webb, Erin and Cylus, Jonathan (2022) What have European countries done to prevent the spread of COVID-19? Lessons from the COVID-19 Health System Response Monitor. Health Policy, 126 (5). pp. 355-361. ISSN 0168-8510

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2022.03.005

Abstract

Although some European countries imposed measures that successfully slowed the transmission of Covid-19 during the first year of the pandemic, others struggled, either because they acted slowly or implemented measures ineffectively. In this paper we consider the European experience with public health measures designed to prevent transmission of COVID-19. Based on literature and country responses described in the COVID-19 Health System Response Monitor from March 2020 to December 2020, we consider some critical aspects of public health policy responses. These include the importance of public health capacity that can scale up surveillance and outbreak control, including effective testing and contract tracing, of clear messaging based on an understanding of human behaviour, policies that address the undesirable consequences of necessary measures, such as support for those isolating or unable to earn, and the ability to implement at pace and scale a major vaccine rollout. We conclude that for countries to be successful at preventing COVID-19 transmission, there is a need for a clear strategy with explicit goals and a whole systems approach to implementation.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/health-polic...
Additional Information: © 2022 Published by Elsevier B.V. Funding Information: The second is to provide supported accommodation as was the case initially in Sweden, where financial support was provided, as well as accommodation in hotels. Denmark and some other countries outside Europe have also provided hotel facilities for people who could not self-isolate at home. Publisher Copyright: © 2022
Divisions: LSE Health
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2022 09:48
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2022 12:30
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/114467

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