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Economic geography, politics, and the world trade regime

Rickard, Stephanie ORCID: 0000-0001-7886-9513 (2022) Economic geography, politics, and the world trade regime. World Trade Review, 21 (3). 367 - 379. ISSN 1474-7456

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Identification Number: 10.1017/S1474745622000040


Although globalization and the world trade regime have reduced the significance of distance between countries, within countries geography matters now more than ever. Inside countries' borders, economic activities, such as production and employment, occur unevenly across space. As a result, international trade impacts parts of a country differently. Some areas benefit from rising trade, while others experience reductions in local wages and employment as a result of increased import competition. Because regions' experience of globalization varies, public opinion about trade differs across geographic areas within countries. Voters living in regions advantaged by trade are more likely to support economic openness, while voters living in regions negatively impacted by trade are more skeptical of the benefits of globalization. The geographic disparities in public attitudes towards trade often align with salient political cleavages. As a result, debates over trade have become increasingly polarized in many countries, which may threaten states' continued economic openness as well as their engagement with, and even support for, the world trade regime.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2022 The Author
Divisions: Government
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2022 12:12
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2022 23:17

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