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Urban water access and use in the Kivus: evaluating behavioural outcomes following an integrated WASH intervention in Goma and Bukavu, Democratic Republic of Congo

Legge, Hugo, Fedele, Shahana, Preusser, Florian, Stys, Patrycja, Muzuri, Papy, Schuberth, Moritz and Dreibelbis, Robert (2022) Urban water access and use in the Kivus: evaluating behavioural outcomes following an integrated WASH intervention in Goma and Bukavu, Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (3). ISSN 1661-7827

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Identification Number: 10.3390/ijerph19031065

Abstract

Increasing the availability and reliability of community water sources is a primary pathway through which many water supply interventions aim to achieve health gains in communities with limited access to water. While previous studies in rural settings have shown that greater access to water is associated both with increased overall consumption of water and use of water for hygiene related activities, there is limited evidence from urban environments. Using data collected from 1253 households during the evaluation of a community water supply governance and hygiene promotion intervention in the cities of Goma and Bukavu, Democratic Republic of Congo, we conducted a secondary analysis to determine the impact of these interventions on household water collection and use habits. Using multiple and logistic regression models we compared differences in outcomes of interest between households in quartiers with and without the intervention. Outcomes of interest included litres per capita day (lpcd) of water brought to the household, lpcd used at the household, and lpcd used for hygiene-related activities. Results demonstrated that intervention households were more likely to use community tapstands than households located in comparison quartiers and collected on average 16.3 lpcd of water, compared with 13.5 lpcd among comparison households (adj. coef: 3.2, 95 CI: 0.84 to 5.53, p = 0.008). However, reported usage of water in the household for domestic purposes was lower among intervention households (8.2 lpcd) when compared with comparison households (9.4 lpcd) (adj. coef: −1.11, 95 CI: −2.29 to 0.07), p = 0.066) and there was no difference between study groups in the amount of water allocated to hygiene activities. These results show that in this setting, implementation of a water supply governance and hygiene promotion intervention was associated with a modest increase in the amount of water being bought to the household, but that this did not translate into an increase in either overall per capita consumption of water or the per capita amount of water being allocated to hygiene related activities.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph
Additional Information: © 2022 The Authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Divisions: IGA: Firoz Lalji Centre for Africa
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2022 12:33
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2022 08:27
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/113562

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