Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

Long-term impacts of the 1970 cyclone in Bangladesh

Eskander, Shaikh M.S.U. ORCID: 0000-0002-3325-5486 and Barbier, Edward B. (2022) Long-term impacts of the 1970 cyclone in Bangladesh. World Development, 152. ISSN 0305-750X

[img] Text (EskanderBarbier2021_WD_AAM2) - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (715kB)

Identification Number: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2021.105793


We use childhood exposures to disasters as natural experiments inducing variations in adulthood outcomes. Following the fetal origin hypothesis, we hypothesize that children from households with greater exposure will have poorer health, schooling, and consumption outcomes. Employing a unique dataset from Bangladesh, we test this hypothesis for the 1970 cyclone that killed over 300,000 people in southern Bangladesh. We find that children surviving the cyclone experience significant health, schooling and consumption adversities, and during their adulthood, have lower probabilities of good health and primary schooling; and lower durations of good health, schooling and consumption. Such adversities are further heightened among the rural and less-educated households. Therefore, public programs benefiting the females and the poor, alongside the development of healthcare and schooling infrastructure, can be useful protective measures against the long-term harms of a disaster.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2021 Elsevier Ltd
Divisions: Economics
Grantham Research Institute
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2022 13:09
Last Modified: 24 May 2024 00:27

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics