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Preterm birth and educational disadvantage: heterogeneous effects

Baranowska-Rataj, Anna, Barclay, Kieron, Costa-Font, Joan ORCID: 0000-0001-7174-7919, Myrskylä, Mikko and Özcan, Berkay ORCID: 0000-0003-2255-9406 (2022) Preterm birth and educational disadvantage: heterogeneous effects. Population Studies, 77 (3). pp. 459-474. ISSN 1477-4747

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Identification Number: 10.1080/00324728.2022.2080247


Although preterm birth is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in advanced economies, evidence about the consequences of prematurity in later life is limited. Using Swedish registers for cohorts born 1982–94 (N  =  1,087,750), we examine the effects of preterm birth on school grades at age 16 using sibling fixed effects models. We further examine how school grades are affected by degree of prematurity and the compensating roles of family socio-economic resources and characteristics of school districts. Our results show that the negative effects of preterm birth are observed mostly among children born extremely preterm (<28 weeks); children born moderately preterm (32–<37 weeks) suffer no ill effects. We do not find any evidence for a moderating effect of parental socio-economic resources. Children born extremely preterm and in the top decile of school districts achieve as good grades as children born at full term in an average school district.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2022 The Authors
Divisions: Health Policy
Social Policy
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2022 17:24
Last Modified: 24 May 2024 00:03

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