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How does an incumbent news media organization become a platform? Employing intra-firm synergies to launch the platform business model in a news agency

Jääskeläinen, Atte, Yanatma, Servet and Ritala, Paavo (2021) How does an incumbent news media organization become a platform? Employing intra-firm synergies to launch the platform business model in a news agency. Journalism Studies, 22 (15). 2061 - 2081. ISSN 1461-670X

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Identification Number: 10.1080/1461670X.2021.1979426

Abstract

Digital platforms have disrupted traditional news organizations, with new platform-based models gaining ground. However, the incumbents can defend their positions and reap the benefits of multi-sided market structures by establishing a platform business model themselves. We examine a case study of the Austrian News Agency (APA), which gradually formulated a strategy that resulted in a platform-based business model. Platform features were strategized and innovated over time and in phases, with the intent of creating value for customers on both sides of the platform. We found that APA’s platform transformation was enabled by a visionary value proposition backed by a trusted institution’s legitimacy and a co-operative organizational model that provided added incentives for the participating news media companies. The strategy and the business model emerged on the basis of external developments and internal realizations concerning the feasibility of the new platform strategy. Based on our results, we develop a framework for an incumbent strategy formation process towards a platform business model. This framework demonstrates the incumbent organization’s emergent, as well as deliberate, strategic ability to introduce platform features into its business model, based on unique intra-firm synergies with established parts of the business, and highlighting a potential for “incumbent advantage.”

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/rjos20/current
Additional Information: © 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
Divisions: Media and Communications
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
P Language and Literature > PN Literature (General) > PN1990 Broadcasting
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2021 10:03
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2022 08:51
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/112560

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