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How are mathematical models and results from mathematical models of vaccine-preventable diseases used, or not, by global health organisations?

Christen, Paula and Conteh, Lesong (2021) How are mathematical models and results from mathematical models of vaccine-preventable diseases used, or not, by global health organisations? BMJ Global Health, 6 (9). ISSN 2059-7908

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Identification Number: 10.1136/bmjgh-2021-006827

Abstract

While epidemiological and economic evidence has the potential to provide answers to questions, guide complex programmes and inform resource allocation decisions, how this evidence is used by global health organisations who commission it and what organisational actions are generated from the evidence remains unclear. This study applies analytical tools from organisational science to understand how evidence produced by infectious disease epidemiologists and health economists is used by global health organisations. A conceptual framework that embraces evidence use typologies and relates findings to the organisational process of action generation informs and structures the research. Between March and September 2020, we conducted in-depth interviews with mathematical modellers (evidence producers) and employees at global health organisations, who are involved in decision-making processes (evidence consumers). We found that commissioned epidemiological and economic evidence is used to track progress and provides a measure of success, both in terms of health outcomes and the organisations’ mission. Global health organisations predominantly use this evidence to demonstrate accountability and solicit funding from external partners. We find common understanding and awareness across consumers and producers about the purposes and uses of these commissioned pieces of work and how they are distinct from more academic explorative research outputs. Conceptual evidence use best describes this process. Evidence is slowly integrated into organisational processes and is one of many influences on global health organisations’ actions. Relationships developed over time and trust guide the process, which may lead to quite a concentrated cluster of those producing and commissioning models. These findings raise several insights relevant to the literature of research utilisation in organisations and evidence-based management. The study extends our understanding of how evidence is used and which organisational actions are generated as a result of commissioning epidemiological and economic evidence.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://gh.bmj.com/
Additional Information: © 2021 The Authors
Divisions: LSE Health
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2021 09:33
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2021 01:04
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/111965

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