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Comparing the dangers of a stay in English and German hospitals for high-need patients

Friebel, Rocco ORCID: 0000-0003-1256-9096, Henschke, Cornelia and Maynou, Laia ORCID: 0000-0002-0447-2959 (2021) Comparing the dangers of a stay in English and German hospitals for high-need patients. Health Services Research. ISSN 0017-9124

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Identification Number: 10.1111/1475-6773.13712

Abstract

Objective: To estimate the risk of an avoidable adverse event for high-need patients in England and Germany and the causal impact that has on outcomes. Data Sources: We use administrative, secondary data for all hospital inpatients in 2018. Patient records for the English National Health Service are provided by the Hospital Episode Statistics database and for the German health care system accessed through the Research Data Center of the Federal Statistical Office. Study Design: We calculated rates of three hospital-acquired adverse events and their causal impact on mortality and length of stay through propensity score matching and estimation of average treatment effects. Data Collection/Extraction Methods: Patients were identified based on diagnoses codes and translated Patient Safety Indicators developed by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Principal Findings: For the average hospital stay, the risk of an adverse event was 5.37% in the English National Health Service and 3.26% in the German health care system. High-need patients are more likely to experience an adverse event, driven by hospital-acquired infections (2.06%–4.45%), adverse drug reactions (2.37%–2.49%), and pressure ulcers (2.25%–0.45%). Adverse event risk is particularly high for patients with advancing illnesses (10.50%–27.11%) and the frail elderly (17.75%–28.19%). Compared to the counterfactual, high-need patients with an adverse event are more likely to die during their hospital stay and experience a longer length of stay. Conclusions: High-need patients are particularly vulnerable with an adverse event risking further deterioration of health status and adding resource use. Our results indicate the need to assess the costs and benefits of a hospital stay, particularly when care could be provided in settings considered less hazardous.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/14756773
Additional Information: © 2021 Health Research and Educational Trust
Divisions: Health Policy
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2021 15:15
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2021 07:39
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/111949

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