Cookies?
Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

What does network analysis teach us about international environmental cooperation?

Carattini, Stefano, Fankhauser, Samuel ORCID: 0000-0003-2100-7888, Gao, Jianjian, Gennaioli, Caterina and Panzarasa, Pietro (2021) What does network analysis teach us about international environmental cooperation? Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment Working Papers (361). Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

[img] Text (working-paper-361-what does-network-analysis) - Published Version
Download (3MB)

Abstract

Over the past 70 years, the number of international environmental agreements (IEAs) has increased substantially, highlighting their prominent role in environmental governance. This paper applies the toolkit of network analysis to identify the network properties of international environmental cooperation based on 546 IEAs signed between 1948 and 2015. We identify four stylised facts that offer topological corroboration for some key themes in the IEA literature. First, we find that a statistically significant cooperation network did not emerge until the early 1970, but since then the network has grown continuously in strength, resulting in higher connectivity and intensity of cooperation between signatory countries. Second, over time the network has become closer, denser and more cohesive, allowing more effective policy coordination and knowledge diffusion. Third, the network, while global, has a noticeable European imprint: initially the United Kingdom and more recently France and Germany have been the most strategic players to broker environmental cooperation. Fourth, international environmental coordination started with the management of fisheries and the sea, but is now most intense on waste and hazardous substances. The network of air and atmosphere treaties is weaker on a number of metrics and lacks the hierarchical structure found in other networks. It is the only network whose topological properties are shaped significantly by UN-sponsored treaties.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Official URL: https://www.lse.ac.uk/granthaminstitute/publicatio...
Additional Information: © 2021 The Authors
Divisions: Grantham Research Institute
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2021 07:57
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2021 07:57
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/111487

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics