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Neither natives nor nationals in Brazil: the ‘Indianisation’ of Bolivian migrants in the city of São Paulo

Ikemura Amaral, Aiko (2022) Neither natives nor nationals in Brazil: the ‘Indianisation’ of Bolivian migrants in the city of São Paulo. Bulletin of Latin American Research, 41 (1). 53 - 68. ISSN 0261-3050

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Identification Number: 10.1111/blar.13287


Bolivian migrants in Brazil are commonly categorised as ‘indians’ who are ‘enslaved’ in São Paulo's garment industry. Simultaneously, self-identified indigenous peoples in Brazilian urban centres are constantly challenged as to the authenticity of their claims to indigeneity. This article explores the racialisation of migrants based on an ethnography of two Bolivian street markets in São Paulo, as social and spatial mobilities articulate race and class hierarchies. It proposes that such racialisation is entrenched in colonial socio-spatial hierarchies that continue to represent indigenous peoples as excluded from humanity, modernity and the city, reinforcing their subaltern insertion in the labour market.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2021 The Author
Divisions: IGA: Latin America and Caribbean Centre
Subjects: J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2021 15:33
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2024 03:42

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