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The population of non-corporate business proprietors in England and Wales 1891–1911

Bennett, Robert J., Smith, Harry and Montebruno, Piero ORCID: 0000-0001-8010-7446 (2020) The population of non-corporate business proprietors in England and Wales 1891–1911. Business History, 62 (8). 1341 - 1372. ISSN 0007-6791

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Identification Number: 10.1080/00076791.2018.1534959


This article uses population censuses to provide the first consistent counts of the population of business proprietors for 1891–1911. After appropriate adjustments for imperfect Census design the article confirms the persistence of own account self-employed as the most common businesses throughout the period. However, it identifies a turning point around 1901 when the business numbers decisively shifted towards larger firms, where employers with waged workers began substituting for many own account businesses. Developments were, however, multi-faceted, with important sector differences, and some fields of female business beginning to take off over the period, especially in retail and the professions.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2018 University of Cambridge
Divisions: Centre for Economic Performance
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2021 15:57
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2024 18:33

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