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Identifying loneliness and social isolation in care home residents with sight loss: lessons from using the De Jong Gierveld Scale

Mann, Rachel, Rabiee, Parvaneh, Birks, Yvonne and Wilberforce, Mark (2020) Identifying loneliness and social isolation in care home residents with sight loss: lessons from using the De Jong Gierveld Scale. Journal of Long-Term Care, 2020. 167 - 173. ISSN 2516-9122

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Identification Number: 10.31389/jltc.39

Abstract

Context: Experience of loneliness amongst care home residents with sight loss is associated with limitations in activities of daily living, poor self-reported health, and increased rates of depression. Care homes are encouraged to use screening tools to identify those at risk of loneliness. Objectives: The study aimed to describe the findings and experience of applying a validated, multi-item scale to identify loneliness and isolation in care home residents with sight loss in England, UK. Methods: The six-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale was administered to residents residing in long-term care homes with sight loss. Participants were aged 65+ years old with vision impairment that could not be corrected by glasses. Descriptive analysis of loneliness scale data was undertaken supplemented with observational field notes of implementation challenges. Findings: Only 42 applications of the De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale were possible. The mean sub-scale scores for emotional loneliness, social loneliness and the mean overall loneliness score were 1.36 (sd = 1.16), 1.19 (sd = 1.04) and 2.55 (sd = 1.9) respectively. Challenges observed in scale administration and understanding of scale items by residents might preclude it as a loneliness case-identification tool in busy care home environments. Limitations: The study reports on the challenges implementing a questionnaire which achieved a low rate of data collection. Implications: For case-identification of loneliness, care homes may wish to consider use of a single-item loneliness question rather than multi-item scales due to variable length of administration and resident comprehension.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://journal.ilpnetwork.org/
Additional Information: © 2020 The Authors
Divisions: LSE
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2021 14:33
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2021 17:28
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/108506

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