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The effect on foreign direct investment of membership in the European Union

Bruno, Randolph Luca, Ferreira Campos, Nauro and Estrin, Saul ORCID: 0000-0002-3447-8593 (2021) The effect on foreign direct investment of membership in the European Union. Journal of Common Market Studies, 59 (4). pp. 802-821. ISSN 1747-5244

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Identification Number: 10.1111/jcms.13131


This article explores the impact of EU membership on foreign direct investment (FDI). It analyses empirically how the effects of such deep integration differ from other forms and investigates what drives these effects. Using a structural gravity framework on annual bilateral FDI data for almost every country in the world from 1985 to 2018, we find EU membership leads to about 60 per cent higher FDI investment into the host economy from outside the EU, and around 50 per cent higher intra-EU FDI. Moreover, we find that the effect of EU membership on FDI is larger than from membership of the North American Free Trade Agreement, the European Free Trade Association and the Southern Common Market, and that the single market is the cornerstone of this differential impact.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2020 The Author(s)
Divisions: Management
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2020 16:15
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2022 11:12

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