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Health professional mobility in the WHO European Region and the WHO Global Code of Practice: data from the joint OECD/EUROSTAT/WHO-Europe questionnaire

Williams, Gemma A., Jacob, Gabrielle, Rakovac, Ivo, Scotter, Cris and Wismar, Matthias (2020) Health professional mobility in the WHO European Region and the WHO Global Code of Practice: data from the joint OECD/EUROSTAT/WHO-Europe questionnaire. European Journal of Public Health, 30 (Supplement_4). iv5 - iv11. ISSN 1101-1262

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Identification Number: 10.1093/eurpub/ckaa124

Abstract

WHO Member States adopted the Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel 10 years ago. This study assesses adherence with the Code’s principles and its continuing relevance in the WHO Europe region with regards to international recruitment of health workers. Data from the joint OECD/EUROSTAT/ WHO-Europe questionnaire from 2010 to 2018 are analyzed to determine trends in intra- and inter-regional mobility of foreign-trained doctors and nurses working in case study destination countries in Europe. In 2018, foreign-trained doctors and nurses comprised over a quarter of the physician workforce and 5% of the nursing workforce in five of eight and four of five case study countries, respectively. Since 2010, the proportion of foreign-trained nurses and doctors has risen faster than domestically trained professionals, with increased mobility driven by rising East-West and South-North intra-European migration, especially within the European Union. The number of nurses trained in developing countries but practising in case study countries declined by 26%. Although the number of doctors increased by 27%, this was driven by arrivals from countries experiencing conflict and volatility, suggesting countries generally are increasingly adhering to the Code’s principles on ethical recruitment. To support ethical recruitment practices and sustainable workforce development in the region, data collection and monitoring on health worker mobility should be improved.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://academic.oup.com/eurpub
Additional Information: © 2020 The Authors
Divisions: LSE Health
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2020 13:21
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 01:04
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/107473

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