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Do men and women “lockdown” differently? Examining Panama’s Covid-19 sex-segregated social distancing policy

Woskie, Liana and Wenham, Clare ORCID: 0000-0001-5378-3203 (2021) Do men and women “lockdown” differently? Examining Panama’s Covid-19 sex-segregated social distancing policy. Feminist Economics, 27 (1-2). 327 - 344. ISSN 1354-5701

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Identification Number: 10.1080/13545701.2020.1867761


State-enforced curtailment of mobility – through social distancing and national or subnational lockdowns – has become a key tool to reduce COVID-19 transmission. Panama instituted a sex-segregated mobility policy to limit people’s circulation whereby women were allowed to leave the home for essential services on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday; and men on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. Through a retrospective analysis of Global Positioning System (GPS) data, this paper presents an overview of aggregate mobility patterns in Panama following the policy implementation. The paper looks at relative mobility for women and men, examining differences by volume and type of movement. The results identify lower visits to all community location categories on women-mobility days; however, we find no statistically significant difference in aggregate mobility to workplaces. The results discuss the implications of these findings and the ethical questions raised regarding the use of sex and gender identity in COVID-19 policies.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2021 IAFFE
Divisions: Health Policy
LSE Health
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
JEL classification: J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies > J68 - Public Policy
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I18 - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2020 14:30
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 03:32

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