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Protocol of a two arm randomised, multi-centre, 12-month controlled trial: evaluating the impact of a Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)-based intervention Supporting UPtake and Adherence to antiretrovirals (SUPA) in adults with HIV

Horne, R., Glendinning, E., King, K., Chalder, T., Sabin, C., Walker, A. S., Campbell, L. J., Mosweu, Iris, Anderson, J., Collins, S., Jopling, R., McCrone, P., Leake Date, H., Michie, S., Nelson, M., Perry, N., Smith, J. A., Sseruma, W. and Cooper, V. (2019) Protocol of a two arm randomised, multi-centre, 12-month controlled trial: evaluating the impact of a Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)-based intervention Supporting UPtake and Adherence to antiretrovirals (SUPA) in adults with HIV. BMC Public Health, 19 (1). ISSN 1471-2458

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Identification Number: 10.1186/s12889-019-6893-z

Abstract

Background: Delay to start antiretroviral therapy (ART) and nonadherence compromise the health and wellbeing of people living with HIV (PLWH), raise the cost of care and increase risk of transmission to sexual partners. To date, interventions to improve adherence to ART have had limited success, perhaps because they have failed to systematically elicit and address both perceptual and practical barriers to adherence. The primary aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of the Supporting UPtake and Adherence (SUPA) intervention. Methods: This study comprises 2 phases. Phase 1 is an observational cohort study, in which PLWH who are ART naïve and recommended to take ART by their clinician complete a questionnaire assessing their beliefs about ART over 12 months. Phase 2 is a randomised controlled trial (RCT) nested within the observational cohort study to investigate the effectiveness of the SUPA intervention on adherence to ART. PLWH at risk of nonadherence (based on their beliefs about ART) will be recruited and randomised 1:1 to the intervention (SUPA intervention + usual care) and control (usual care) arms. The SUPA intervention involves 4 tailored treatment support sessions delivered by a Research Nurse utilising a collaborative Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Motivational Interviewing (MI) approach. Sessions are tailored to individual needs and preferences based on the individual patient's perceptions and practical barriers to ART. An animation series and intervention manual have been developed to communicate a rationale for the personal necessity for ART and illustrate concerns and potential solutions. The primary outcome is adherence to ART measured using Medication Event Monitoring System (MEMS). Three hundred seventy-Two patients will be sufficient to detect a 15% difference in adherence with 80% power and an alpha of 0.05. Costs will be compared between intervention and control groups. Costs will be combined with the primary outcome in cost-effectiveness analyses. Quality adjusted life-years (QALYs) will also be estimated over the follow-up period and used in the analyses. Discussion: The findings will enable patients, healthcare providers and policy makers to make informed decisions about the value of the SUPA intervention. Trial registration: The trial was retrospectively registered 21/02/2014, ISRCTN35514212.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/
Additional Information: © 2019 The Authors
Divisions: LSE
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2020 12:21
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2020 00:20
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/106166

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