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Characterizing hard core cartels under Article 101 TFEU

Dunne, Niamh (2020) Characterizing hard core cartels under Article 101 TFEU. Antitrust Bulletin, 65 (3). pp. 376-400. ISSN 0003-603X

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Identification Number: 10.1177/0003603X20929121


The prohibition of cartels embodies arguably the sole universal norm of global competition law. Yet a precise understanding of what constitutes a cartel remains elusive, a problem that is exacerbated in the context of Article 101 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union by the Commission’s administrative enforcement procedures and the expansive approach to the “by object” category of restraints. This article aims to provide a more precise characterization of the hard core cartel concept as reflected in EU competition case law and practice and to explore why such conduct continues to constitute the “supreme evil” of contemporary antitrust enforcement.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2020 The Author
Divisions: Law
Subjects: K Law > KZ Law of Nations
K Law > K Law (General)
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2020 11:06
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2024 20:45

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