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Nationalism and self-determination in contemporary Ethiopia

Berhe, Mulugeta and Gebresilassie, Fiseha (2020) Nationalism and self-determination in contemporary Ethiopia. Nations and Nationalism. ISSN 1354-5078

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Identification Number: 10.1111/nana.12647

Abstract

The 1995 Ethiopian Constitution envisions a multinational state with the right to self-determination, including secession, given to the nations, nationalities, and peoples of the country. This remarkable document is a product of a unique combination of Ethiopia's history, Marxist-Leninist debates of the 1974 revolution, and political circumstances of the time the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) took power in 1991. The subsequent 20 years witnessed a concerted attempt to implement measures for federal decentralization alongside continued political centralization in the ruling party, with several intended and unintended consequences. Since 2016, a combination of the manipulation of constitutional provisions for personal and factional advantage, and polarized perspectives over the identity and future of the country, have unveiled a chapter of political crisis. The 1995 Constitution is hardly a cause of this crisis, yet the fate of the Constitution has become central to the dynamics of the crisis.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/14698129
Additional Information: © 2020 The Authors
Divisions: ?? CPAID ??
Centre for Public Authority and International Development
Subjects: J Political Science > JC Political theory
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2020 11:00
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 01:03
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/105299

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