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Decentralization’s effects on education and health: evidence from Ethiopia

Faguet, Jean-Paul ORCID: 0000-0002-7188-0098, Khan, Qaiser and Kanth, Devarakonda Priyanka (2020) Decentralization’s effects on education and health: evidence from Ethiopia. Publius: the Journal of Federalism. ISSN 0048-5950 (In Press)

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Abstract

We explore the effects of decentralization on education and health in Ethiopia using an original database covering all of the country’s regions and woredas (local governments). Ethiopia is a remarkable case in which war, famine and chaos in the 1970s-80s were followed by federalization, decentralization, rapid growth and dramatic improvements in human development. Did decentralization contribute to these successes? We use time series and panel data analyses to show that decentralization improved net enrollments in primary schools and access to antenatal care for pregnant women. The main channel appears to be institutional, not fiscal. We offer the database as an additional contribution.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://academic.oup.com/publius
Additional Information: © 2020 Oxford University Press
Divisions: International Development
Subjects: J Political Science > JS Local government Municipal government
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
JEL classification: H - Public Economics > H4 - Publicly Provided Goods > H41 - Public Goods
H - Public Economics > H7 - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations > H77 - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism; Secession
H - Public Economics > H7 - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations > H75 - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2020 10:39
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2020 18:06
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/105231

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