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Applications of interannual-to-decadal climate prediction: an exploratory discussion on rainfall in the Sahel Region of Africa

Ward, Neil and Conway, Declan (2020) Applications of interannual-to-decadal climate prediction: an exploratory discussion on rainfall in the Sahel Region of Africa. Climate Services, 18. ISSN 2405-8807

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.cliser.2020.100170

Abstract

This perspective explores how climate services may potentially incorporate information emerging from the new science of interannual-to-decadal (I2D) climate prediction. The geographic focus is the Sahel region of West Africa, which has demonstrated prediction advances for rainfall on the I2D timescale, and vulnerability to climate hazards. The perspective draws on reviews of predictability and applications in the region and a national workshop in Sudan to explore applications. Decadal prediction is an emerging capability, to date being undertaken primarily as a learning process. However, for the multi-year forecast information, we identify a number of new dimensions that challenge product design and user uptake. Current experiments often present forecasts as the average conditions for a target first year, and then subsequent set of years raising a question of what a forecast of mean average conditions for years 2-5 represents in terms of climate to expect, and how annual updates to multi-year forecasts may be produced and communicated. Stakeholder consultations highlighted some of the concerns noted for existing seasonal forecasts, but now translated into terms for multi-year information, such as confidence in information, need for research on temporal downscaling (which may now include information on the risks of climate anomalies in the individual years that make up the forecast period), capacity development, and that communities would need to be convinced about effectiveness, alongside careful communication, especially in the context of multi-year planning. This perspective captures one of the first learning case studies on how I2D prediction may be explored in a given region, a first step towards climate services development that integrate I2D information.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/climate-serv...
Additional Information: © 2020 The Authors
Divisions: Grantham Research Institute
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Date Deposited: 28 May 2020 15:21
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2020 23:31
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/104637

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