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Renationalizing finance for development: policy space and public economic control in Bolivia

Naqvi, Natalya (2019) Renationalizing finance for development: policy space and public economic control in Bolivia. Review of International Political Economy. ISSN 0969-2290

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Identification Number: 10.1080/09692290.2019.1696870

Abstract

After years of placing faith in the markets, we are seeing a revival of interest in statist economic policy across the world, particularly with regards to finance. How much policy space do previously liberalized developing countries still have to renationalize their financial sectors by exerting direct control over the process of credit allocation, despite the constraints posed by economic globalization? Under what conditions do they actually use this policy space? Bolivia is an especially important case because it is one of the few peripheral countries that implemented strongly interventionist financial reform in the 2010s. Using Bolivia as a least likely case, I argue that two factors, increased availability of external financing sources, and domestic popular mobilization, create favorable conditions for developmentalist financial reform because these make it possible to reduce external conditionalities and overcome opposition by the domestic financial sector. Popular mobilizations paved the way for reform by bringing developmentalist policymakers to power and exerting pressure on them to 1. Maximize policy space by diversifying into newly available alternative sources of foreign borrowing to reduce external conditionalities, and 2. Mitigate the importance of disinvestment threats by domestic economic elites by incrementally increasing public ownership and control of the economy.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/rrip20/current
Additional Information: © 2019 The Author
Divisions: International Relations
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Date Deposited: 04 May 2020 13:54
Last Modified: 28 May 2020 23:19
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/104232

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