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Reducing mommy penalties with daddy quotas

Dunatchik, Allison and Özcan, Berkay ORCID: 0000-0003-2255-9406 (2020) Reducing mommy penalties with daddy quotas. Journal of European Social Policy. ISSN 0958-9287

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Identification Number: 10.1177/0958928720963324


This paper investigates whether daddy quotas – non-transferable paternity leave policies – mitigate motherhood penalties women face in the labour market. Using the introduction of a daddy quota in Quebec, Canada as a natural experiment, we employ labour force survey data to conduct a difference-in-difference estimation of the policy’s impact on a range of mothers’ career outcomes, using mothers in the neighbouring province of Ontario as a comparison group. The results suggest Quebec mothers exposed to the policy are 5 percentage points more likely to participate in the labour force and to work full time, 5 percentage points less likely to work part time, and 4 percentage points less likely to be unemployed than they would have been in the absence of the policy. Our results are robust to an alternative semi-parametric difference-in-difference methodology and to a battery of placebo and sensitivity tests. However, we find that the policy’s effects are largest 2 to 3 years post-reform, reducing in size and significance thereafter, raising questions about the durability of such effects.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2020 Sage
Divisions: Social Policy
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2020 15:57
Last Modified: 16 May 2024 13:42

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