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Hygienisation, gentrification, and urban displacement in Brazil

Garmany, Jeff and Richmond, Matthew A. ORCID: 0000-0002-1563-3615 (2020) Hygienisation, gentrification, and urban displacement in Brazil. Antipode, 52 (1). 124 - 144. ISSN 0066-4812

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Identification Number: 10.1111/anti.12584


This article engages recent debates over gentrification and urban displacement in the global South. While researchers increasingly suggest that gentrification is becoming widespread in “Southern” cities, others argue that such analyses overlook important differences in empirical context and privilege EuroAmerican theoretical frameworks. To respond to this debate, in this article, we outline the concept of higienização (hygienisation), arguing that it captures important contextual factors missed by gentrification. Hygienisation is a Brazilian term that describes a particular form of urban displacement, and is directly informed by legacies of colonialism, racial and class stigma, informality, and state violence. Our objective is to show how “Southern” concepts like hygienisation help urban researchers gain better insight into processes of urban displacement, while also responding to recent calls to decentre and provincialise urban theory.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2019 The Authors
Divisions: IGA: Latin America and Caribbean Centre
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
F History United States, Canada, Latin America > F1201 Latin America (General)
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2020 14:54
Last Modified: 23 May 2024 06:39

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