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Estimation for double-nonlinear cointegration

Lin, Yingqian, Tu, Yundong and Yao, Qiwei ORCID: 0000-0003-2065-8486 (2020) Estimation for double-nonlinear cointegration. Journal of Econometrics, 216 (1). 175 - 191. ISSN 0304-4076

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Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jeconom.2020.01.012


In recent years statistical inference for nonlinear cointegration has attracted attention from both academics and practitioners. This paper proposes a new type of cointegration in the sense that two univariate time series yt and xt are cointegrated via two (unknown) smooth nonlinear transformations, further generalizing the notion of cointegration initially revealed by Box and Tiao (1977), and more systematically studied by Engle and Granger (1987). More precisely, it holds that G(yt,β0)=g(xt)+ut, where G(⋅,β0) is strictly increasing and known up to an unknown parameter β0, g(⋅) is unknown and smooth, xt is I(1), and ut is the stationary disturbance. This setting nests the nonlinear cointegration model of Wang and Phillips (2009b) as a special case with G(y,β0)=y. It extends the model of Linton et al. (2008) to the cases with a unit-root nonstationary regressor. Sieve approximations to the smooth nonparametric function g are applied, leading to an extremum estimator for β and a plugging-in estimator for g(⋅). Asymptotic properties of the estimators are established, revealing that both the convergence rates and the limiting distributions depend intimately on the properties of the two nonlinear transformation functions. Simulation studies demonstrate that the estimators perform well even with small samples. A real data example on the environmental Kuznets curve portraying the nonlinear impact of per-capita GDP on air-pollution illustrates the practical relevance of the proposed double-nonlinear cointegration.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2020 Elsevier B.V.
Divisions: Statistics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2020 13:06
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2022 01:06

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