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Pipage rounding, pessimistic estimators and matrix concentration

Harvey, Nicholas J.A. and Olver, Neil ORCID: 0000-0001-8897-5459 (2014) Pipage rounding, pessimistic estimators and matrix concentration. In: SODA '14: Symposium on Discrete Algorithms. Society for industrial and applied mathematics, Philadelphia, PA, pp. 926-945. ISBN 9781611973389

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Pipage rounding is a dependent random sampling technique that has several interesting properties and diverse applications. One property that has been useful in applications is negative correlation of the resulting vector. There are some further properties that would be interesting to derive, but do not seem to follow from negative correlation. In particular, recent concentration results for sums of independent random matrices are not known to extend to a negatively dependent setting. We introduce a simple but useful technique called concavity of pessimistic estimators. This technique allows us to show concentration of submodular functions and concentration of matrix sums under pipage rounding. The former result answers a question of Chekuri et al. (2009). To prove the latter result, we derive a new variant of Lieb's celebrated concavity theorem in matrix analysis. We provide numerous applications of these results. One is to spectrally-thin trees, a spectral analog of the thin trees that played a crucial role in the recent breakthrough on the asymmetric traveling salesman problem. We show a polynomial time algorithm that, given a graph where every edge has effective conductance at least κ, returns an O(κ-1 · log n/log log n)-spectrally-thin tree. There are further applications to rounding of semidefinite programs and to a geometric question of extracting a nearly-orthonormal basis from an isotropic distribution.

Item Type: Book Section
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2014 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
Divisions: Mathematics
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2020 10:09
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 00:37

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