Cookies?
Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

Damaging democracy? Security provision and turnout in Afghan elections†

Condra, Luke N., Callen, Michael, Iyengar, Radha K., Long, James D. and Shapiro, Jacob N. (2019) Damaging democracy? Security provision and turnout in Afghan elections†. Economics and Politics, 31 (2). pp. 163-193. ISSN 0954-1985

[img] Text (Damaging democracy) - Accepted Version
Repository staff only until 1 July 2021.

Download (1MB) | Request a copy

Identification Number: 10.1111/ecpo.12128

Abstract

In emerging democracies, elections are encouraged as a route to democratization. However, not only does violence often threaten these elections, but citizens often view as corrupt the security forces deployed to combat violence. We examine the effects of such security provision. In Afghanistan's 2010 parliamentary election, polling centers with similar histories of pre-election violence unintentionally received different deployments of the Afghan National Police, enabling identification of police's effects on turnout. Using data from the universe of polling sites and various household surveys, data usually unavailable in conflict settings, we estimate increases in police presence decreased voter turnout by an average of 30%. Our results adjudicate between competing theoretical mechanisms through which security forces could affect turnout, and show behavior is not driven by voter anticipation of election-day violence. This highlights a pitfall for building government legitimacy via elections in weakly institutionalized and conflict-affected states.

Item Type: Article
Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/14680343
Additional Information: © 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Divisions: Economics
Subjects: J Political Science > JF Political institutions (General)
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2020 09:51
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2020 06:01
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/103019

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics