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An ordered chaos: how do order effects arise in a cognitive model?

Gobet, Fernand and Lane, Peter C.R. (2010) An ordered chaos: how do order effects arise in a cognitive model? In: Ritter, Frank E., Nerb, Josef, Lehtinen, Erno and O'Shea, Timothy, (eds.) In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning. Oxford Series on Cognitive Models and Architecture. Oxford University Press, New York, US, 107 - 118. ISBN 9780199893751

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Identification Number: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0008

Abstract

This chapter discusses how order effects arise within EPAM (Elementary Perceiver and Memorizer), an influential computational theory of cognition developed by Feigenbaum and Simon. EPAM acquires knowledge by constructing a discrimination network indexing chunks, closely integrating perception and memory. After a brief description of the theory, including its learning mechanisms, the chapter focuses on three ways order effects occur in EPAM: (a) as a function of attention; (b) as a function of the learning mechanisms; and (c) as a function of the ordering of stimuli in the environment. It illustrates these three cases with the paired-associate task in verbal learning and with an experiment using artificial material. It also addresses some of the implications of this work for education, including how to order hierarchically arrangeable material, and the need to focus learners on important and relevant features.

Item Type: Book Section
Official URL: https://global.oup.com/academic/product/in-order-t...
Additional Information: © The Editors
Divisions: CPNSS
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 14:00
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2020 07:13
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/102866

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