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Speed of expertise acquisition depends upon inherited factors

Chassy, Philippe and Gobet, Fernand (2010) Speed of expertise acquisition depends upon inherited factors. Talent Development and Excellence, 2 (1). 17 - 27. ISSN 1869-0459

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Abstract

This paper challenges the current dominant view of expertise acquisition by reintroducing inherited factors in the learning process. Studies in experimental psychology have consistently shown that expert performance correlates with the amount of domain-specific knowledge that the experts have acquired through practice. This finding has led to the view that nurture dominates nature with respect to expertise acquisition. We review studies in neurobiology that have shown that the biological processes underlying long-term memory storage engage genetic mechanisms. Thereby, we lay out a framework that provides the basis for reinterpreting psychological data in a psychobiological light. We advance a genetic hypothesis which accounts for individual differences in expertise acquisition. We briefly discuss the consequences of our hypothesis on education.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2010 International Research Association for Talent Development and Excellence
Divisions: CPNSS
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 13:18
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2020 07:10
URI: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/102863

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