Library Header Image
LSE Research Online LSE Library Services

Deliberate practice: necessary but not sufficient

Campitelli, Guillermo and Gobet, Fernand ORCID: 0000-0002-9317-6886 (2011) Deliberate practice: necessary but not sufficient. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20 (5). 280 - 285. ISSN 0963-7214

Full text not available from this repository.

Identification Number: 10.1177/0963721411421922


Deliberate practice (DP) occurs when an individual intentionally repeats an activity in order to improve performance. The claim of the DP framework is that such behavior is necessary to achieve high levels of expert performance. The proponents of the framework reject evidence that suggests that other variables are also necessary to achieve high levels of expert performance, or they claim that the relationship between those variables and expert performance is mediated by DP. Therefore, the DP framework also implies that DP is sufficient to achieve high levels of expert performance. We test these claims by reviewing studies on chess expertise. We found strong evidence that abundant DP is necessary (but not sufficient) and estimated that the minimum requirement to achieve master level is 3,000 hours of DP. We also review evidence showing that other factors play a role in chess skill: general cognitive abilities, sensitive period, handedness, and season of birth.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Additional Information: © 2011 The Authors
Divisions: CPNSS
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 11:45
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2024 19:42

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item