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Skirts as flags: transitional justice, gender and everyday nationalism in Kosovo

Krasniqi, Vjollca, Sokolić, Ivor ORCID: 0000-0003-1450-8377 and Kostovicova, Denisa ORCID: 0000-0002-6243-4379 (2019) Skirts as flags: transitional justice, gender and everyday nationalism in Kosovo. Nations and Nationalism. ISSN 1354-5078 (In Press)

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Identification Number: 10.1111/nana.12593


Silence about wartime rape marginalizes women victims of war within their own national group. This marginalization is part of a gendered construction of nationhood, which maintains a hierarchy that subordinates women normatively, structurally, and symbolically. The article contributes to gender-sensitive analyses of transitional justice by applying an everyday nationalism perspective to reveal the dynamics of legitimization of dominant national ideologies and reproduction of gendered hierarchies from the bottom-up. We examine how public acknowledgment of wartime sexual violence constructs gender relations within nation-building through everyday symbolism, discourse, and performance of nationhood. In this study the focus on the mundane is accompanied with an analysis of formal actors and processes along with their interplay with the everyday. We analyze the public art installation of 5,000 women’s skirts and dresses at a football stadium in Kosovo’s capital, Prishtina, aimed at addressing the issue of wartime sexual and gender-based violence. We find that the public acknowledgement of wartime sexual violence through this artistic practice recognizes the crime, but not the victim. The enactment of nationhood in the everyday implicates the pursuit of transitional justice through art in reinforcing traditional gender relations with an adverse impact on gender-just peace.

Item Type: Article
Official URL:
Divisions: European Institute
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2019 11:00
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2020 00:18

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